Please note that most of the archaeological sites mentioned are ‘scheduled‘ ancient monuments and are protected. It is illegal to damage them in any way and also to use metal detectors on them.
The Icknield Way route is probably the oldest prehistoric feature of the area. It is a ridgeway route that was used to connect East Anglia with Wessex and could date from 8000 BCE
The Neolithic long barrow on Therfield Heath is the oldest standing monument in Hertfordshire. When excavated in 1855, burial deposits and burnt human bones were found.
The round burial mounds are early Bronze Age. Urns, skeletons, charred bones, pottery and bars of copper are amongst the items found in them when excavated in Victorian times.
Two sets of parallel banks and ditches have been dated to the Iron Age. Unfortunately some did not survive potato planting during the Second World War.
One Roman burial mound used to stand on the area of the cricket pitch. It was levelled in 1854.
Secondary Saxon age burials were made in the Bronze Age barrows. Items found on excavation include a female skeleton, buckles and an iron spearhead.
Between Pen and Church Hills is an area known as the Devil’s Hopscotch. It is 6 square banked enclosures dating from Medieval times. It is suggested that they were used to herd sheep into.